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Brain Procedures

Brain Anatomy

The brain is the center of the nervous system. It is located in the head, usually close to the primary sensory organs for such senses as vision, hearing, balance, taste, and smell. Physiologically, the function of the brain is to exert centralized control over the other organs of the body. The brain acts on the rest of the body both by generating patterns of muscle activity and by driving secretion of chemicals called hormones. Even for present-day neuroscience, the mechanisms by which brain activity gives rise to consciousness and thought remain very challenging to understand: despite rapid scientific progress, much about how the brain works remains a mystery. The operations of individual brain cells are now understood in considerable detail, but the way they cooperate in ensembles of millions has been very difficult to decipher.


Brain Anatomy

 

The shape and size of the brains of different species vary greatly, and identifying common features is often difficult. The simplest way to gain information about brain anatomy is by visual inspection, but many more sophisticated techniques have been developed. Brain tissue in its natural state is too soft to work with, but it can be hardened by immersion in alcohol or other fixatives and then sliced apart for examination of the interior. Visually, the interior of the brain consists of areas of so-called grey matter with a dark color, separated by areas of white matter with a lighter color.

Brain Injury Overview

 

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can significantly affect many cognitive, physical, and psychological skills. Physical deficit can include ambulation, balance, coordination, fine motor skills, strength, and endurance. Cognitive deficits of language and communication, information processing, memory, and perceptual skills are common. Psychological status is also often altered. Adjustment to disability issues are frequently encountered by people with TBI.

Brain injury can occur in many ways. Traumatic brain injuries typically result from accidents in which the head strikes an object. This is the most common type of traumatic brain injury. However, other brain injuries, such as those caused by insufficient oxygen, poisoning, or infection, can cause similar deficits.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) is characterized by one or more of the following symptoms: a brief loss (or no loss) of consciousness, loss of memory immediately before or after the injury, any alteration in mental state at the time of the accident, or focal neurological deficits. In many MTBI cases, the person seems fine on the surface, yet continues to endure chronic functional problems. Some people suffer long-term effects of MTBI, known as post-concussion syndrome (PCS). Persons suffering from PCS can experience significant changes in cognition and personality.

Most traumatic brain injuries result in widespread damage to the brain because the brain ricochets inside the skull during the impact of an accident. Diffuse axonal injury occurs when the nerve cells are torn from one another. Localized damage also occurs when the brain bounces against the skull. The brain stem, frontal lobe, and temporal lobes are particularly vulnerable to this because of their location near bony protrusions.

The brain stem is located at the base of the brain. Aside from regulating basic arousal and regulatory functions, the brain stem is involved in attention and short-term memory. Trauma to this area can lead to disorientation, frustration, and anger. The limbic system, higher up in the brain than the brain stem, helps regulate emotions. Connected to the limbic system are the temporal lobes which are involved in many cognitive skills such as memory and language. Damage to the temporal lobes, or seizures in this area, have been associated with a number of behavioural disorders. The frontal lobe is almost always injured due to its large size and its location near the front of the cranium. The frontal lobe is involved in many cognitive functions and is considered our emotional and personal control center. Damage to this area can result in decreased judgement and increased impulsivity.

Conditions and Other Information – Spine and Brain India

  • anoxia and hypoxia
  • biomechanics of brain injury
  • cognitive and communication disorders
  • coma
  • concussion
  • epidemiology of traumatic brain injury
  • sexual dysfunction
  • traumatic brain injury recovery
  • traumatic brain injury statistics
  • traumatic brain injury treatment
  • what is the prognosis for traumatic brain injury
  • what is traumatic brain injury
  • vision problems
  • traumatic brain injury statistics
  • traumatic brain injury treatment
  • what is the prognosis for traumatic brain injury
  • what is traumatic brain injury
  • vision problems

Common Brain Problems

Our Neurosciences service treats patients with a variety of ailments such as trauma, brain clots, epilepsy, head injury, concussions and brain tumor doctors. We are inspired and committed to cutting-edge patient care and the treatment of patients with brain illnesses to the satisfaction.

Major Brain procedures

Brain Tumor

A brain tumor is a mass of abnormal tissue growing in any part of the brain. For some unknown reason, some brain cells multiply in an uncontrolled manner and form…

Brain Clot

A brain clot is the blood mass formed in the internal layers of the brain generally below the duramater. A surgery done to remove this blood mass or clot is…

Head or Brain Injury

Any injury to the head is called a Head Injury. The purpose of the head is to protect the delicate brain behind the strong bones. An injury to the head…

Brain Aneurysm Repair

A brain aneurysm repair is surgery to fix a cerebral (brain) aneurysm. An aneurysm is a weakened area in a blood vessel wall that widens and bulges. Over time, this…

Brain Surgery

Our Neurosciences service treats patients with a variety of ailments such as trauma, brain clots, epilepsy, head injury, concussions and brain tumors. We are inspired and committed to the cutting-edge…

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